It wasn't an easy life; Crawford worked a variety of menial jobs. Missouri. Drank excessively and smoked until she began practicing Christian Science, at which time she abruptly quit smoking. Our friends at Answers.com recently asked us to look into the issue. Her cleanliness obsession led her to prefer showers to tubs, as she abhorred sitting in her own bathwater. She disliked her "new" name and initially encouraged others to pronounce it Jo-Anne Crawford. Worked as an elevator operator at Harzfeld's Department Store in downtown Kansas City, Missouri. I don't believe Franchot [. Her ambition was to become a dancer. She used to wash her hands every ten minutes and follow guests around her house wiping everything they touched, especially doorknobs and pieces from her china set. Vendez le vôtre. After two movies an extra called Joan Arden sued Metro and so her name had to be changed and the second choice from the competition was chosen. Crawford had cleared the first big hurdle; now came the second, in the form of talkies. UNLOCK PROFILE . Her next marriage was in 1942, with Phillip Terry. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Crawford tent on its leet o the greatest female starns o Clessic Hollywood Cinema . It is likely, but not confirmed, that, in 1924, she married saxophonist James Welton, whom she met during an appearance on a show called "Innocent Eyes", and that they lived together briefly; but she never spoke about this relationship in her later years. Women's Lib? I'd like to think every director I've worked with has fallen in love with me; I know. Oct 4, 2013 - Inserts a blank document layout with no defined style. Never miss out on gossip, celebrity photos, videos, divorces, scandals and more. – May 10, 1977) was an American film and television actress who began her career as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies before debuting as a chorus girl on Broadway.Crawford then signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925; her career spanned six decades, multiple studios, and controversies. She was voted the 47th Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly. Many stars of the silents saw their careers evaporate, either because their voices weren't particularly pleasant or because their voices, pleasing enough, didn't match the public's expectations (for example, some fans felt that John Gilbert's tenor didn't quite match his very masculine persona). Сrаwfоrd, whо bеgаn hеr саrееr аѕ а dаnсеr, mоld hеrѕеlf іntо аn аblе аnd vеrѕаtіlе асtrеѕѕ.Â, What are you talking about? Laurel Award in 1953 for Best Dramatic Performance. After the death of Joan, Christina released a tell-all memoir, “Mommie Dearest,” which was an insight about Joan’s abusive behavior against her children. FLINT. Today We Live (1933), No More Ladies (1935), I Live My Life (1935), The Gorgeous Hussy (1936), Love on the Run (1936), and many more were well received by critics. Mildred Pierce (1945) gave her an opportunity to show her range as an actress, and her performance as a woman driven to give her daughter everything garnered Crawford her first, and only, Oscar for Best Actress. Past Addresses: Saint Louis MO, Wichita KS +6 more. In 1947, she appeared as Louise Graham in Possessed (1947); again she was nominated for a Best Actress from the Academy, but she lost to Loretta Young in The Farmer's Daughter (1947). I turn around and say, "Hi! Her height was 160.02 cm tall, and her weight was 49 kg. He was born c. 1972. They were sold illegally to Crawford by Tennessee Children's Home Society director Georgia Tann. Joan Crawford (Actress), born on March 23, 1904 in San Antonio, Texas, USA. I have struggled greatly in life from the day I was born and I am honored to be a part of something that focuses on working-class citizens and molds them into a proud specimen. On May 10, 1977, Joan died of a heart attack in New York City. Pete Smith recognized her ability to become a successful star but felt the need to alter her name and hence organized a contest called “Name the Star” in Movie Weekly to select her new stage name. Was approached twice by the producers of the Airport disaster movie series. In a few years, she became a very popular romantic female lead actress alongside many of the MGM’s top male stars. See more ideas about joan crawford, joan, crawford. Pour ne plus afficher ce message, cliquez ici. She quit drinking in 1974. A 2002 TV biography revealed that her hatred of wire hangers derived from her poverty as a child and her experiences working with her mother in what must have been a grim job in a laundry. Joan Crawford (Actress), born on March 23, 1904 in San Antonio, Texas, USA. There's a lot of bitch in every woman--a lot in every man. Oscar nominee for ‘Best Actress in leading role’ in 1953 for sudden fear. It wasn't an easy life; Crawford worked a variety of menial jobs. Let's check, How Rich is Joan Crawford in 2020-2021? Christina Crawford was born on June 11, 1939, to teenage parents. Joan Crawford in 1970 — aged 62, 64, 65, or 66. During her later years, Crawford was drinking up to a quart of vodka a day. As the 1930s progressed, Crawford became one of the biggest stars at MGM. Joan Crawford est décédée d'une crise cardiaque le 10 mai 1977 à New York, laissant un héritage cinématographique aux multiples facettes qui inspirerait l'analyse pour les années à venir.. After hearing that a plumber had used a toilet after installing it in her Brentwood home, she immediately had the fixture and pipes ripped out and replaced. She had a cleanliness obsession. Joan suffered from bacillophobia, the fear of germs. She has appeared in five films that have been selected for the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant: Stephen Sondheim wrote his classic song 'I'm Still Here' from the musical 'Follies' based on her life and career - the song describes a performer going from poverty to glamorous icon, then through addiction and rehab to becoming a caricature of her old persona, but surviving nonetheless, as Crawford had. Her salary was estimated to be around $65,250 thousand dollars. People Search; Crawford; Joan Crawford; Missouri; Ballwin; Joan M Crawford; Joan M Crawford, Age 72. aka John M Crawford. She would never smoke a cigarette unless she opened the pack herself, and would never use another cigarette out of that pack if someone else had touched it. Although she claimed her youngest daughters Cathy and Cindy were twins, most sources--including her two older children--claim they were just two babies born about a month apart. Golden Globes USA 1970 Cecil B. DeMille Award. The following year she appeared with John Garfield in the well-received Humoresque (1946). in every form . 😮. Oscar for ‘Best Actress in leading role’ in 1946 for Mildred Pierce. She was so dedicated to her fans that she always personally responded to her fan mail by typing responses on blue paper and autographing it. Past Addresses: Ballwin MO, Grover MO. They offered the downbeat, the degenerate as competition. Joan Crawford has gone for more than four decades, but she is still remembered as the quintessential star product of Hollywood’s Golden Age. Quel age ont-ils, Sont-ils vivants ? I resent her. This time the coveted Oscar went to Shirley Booth, for Come Back, Little Sheba (1952). See more ideas about joan crawford, joan, crawford. You have to be self-reliant and strong to survive in this town. Let's check, How Tall is Joan Crawford? The fact that they were fraternal twins, rather than identical, can account for the fact that they did not look alike. The incident was mentioned in a couple of biographies. Joan Crawford’s last film was Trog, and it was an unfortunate way to end her career. 1939), Phillip Terry (m. 1942; div. Hollywood is like life, you face it with the sum total of your equipment. Social; Career; Random; Home Actress Joan Crawford - Joan Crawford. After joining Warner Bros., she was looking for her first role at the studio. Though the initial choice was “Joan Arden,” they finally went with Joan Crawford. If I can't be me, I don't want to be anybody. Don't hide it. She won the 1945 Best Actress Academy Award for Mildred Pierce. Profiled in the book "Johnny Mack Brown's Saddle Gals" by Bobby Copeland. Her gown with large ruffled sleeves became a sensational style and was even picked up by Macy’s. It wasn't an easy life; Crawford worked a variety of menial jobs. For decades, Joan Crawford held the title of Hollywood's illustrious leading lady, the jewel of cinema's golden age. I was born that way. Thinking that a fight would hurt the well-being of the child, Joan gave him back to his mother, who then sold him to another family. Neuf dès 31,27 € Vendez le vôtre. She was voted the tenth greatest female star in the history of American movies by the American Film Institute. I don't see how she built a career out of a set of mannerisms instead of real acting ability. But whether it is going to warm your hearth or burn down your house, you can never tell. At the Academy Awards presentation for 1961 (1962), Crawford presented. Joan Crawford incarne le glamour d'Hollywood's l'âge d'or. You don't manufacture stars" (cited in 'A Tribute to Joan Crawford', in Film Fan Monthly # 138, December 1972). She was worth around $2 million dollars at the time of her death. The arrangement was made on condition that her name not be used, and that she receive no credit or publicity for her charitable work in any way. Phone Number: (636) 227-UYHS +4 phones. Although she wanted more than anything to continue dancing, she turned down the offer at first. 1 avis. Send me flowers while I'm alive. Joan Crawford estimated Net Worth, Biography, Age, Height, Dating, Relationship Records, Salary, Income, Cars, Lifestyles & many more details have been updated below.She starred with Bette Davis in the 1962 movie Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? Du cinéma muet à Spielberg, si Joan Crawford est inventée par Hollywood, c'est à travers près de 50 ans de cinéma, mue par une ambition dévorante, qu'elle déploie et façonne ses multiples visages. When she was 11 months old, she was taken to Nevada, where she was formally adopted by Joan and renamed Christina. Crawford signed with Warner Bros for $500,000 for a three-movie deal. She went to Chadwick School but later transferred to Flintridg… Cassin was an impresario and owned … Crawford left MGM for rival Warner Bros., and in 1945 she landed the role of a lifetime. Joan Crawford was an American film and television actress counted amongst the greatest female stars of Classic Hollywood Cinema. They were all just so disappointing to me, I really had high expectations for some of them. Crawford a été mariée quatre fois, avec trois mariages d'acteurs, dont Douglas Fairbanks Jr. En 1956, elle épousa Alfred Steele, président de Pepsi-Cola. Her debut performance was as a chorus girl on Broadway. By the time she was born, her parents had separated, and by the time she was a teenager, she'd had three stepfathers. Joan Crawford, March 23, Lucile Fay LeSueurbest known in the professional circle as Joan Crawford was a talented and accomplished American film and television actress, Born on March 23, 1904, Joan Crawford made an entertainment debut as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies and stage showgirl. Joan Crawford's age 114 years (at death) & Zodiac Sign Aries, nationality American (by birth) & Race/Ethnicity is White. Her performance as Mildred Pierce Beragon in. She was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1752 Vine St. Was in consideration for the part of Hildy Johnson in. People Search. (In 1981, Faye Dunaway starred in Mommie Dearest (1981) which did well at the box office.) Unlock Profile. - IMDb Mini Biography By: Joan Crawford was born Lucille Fay LeSueur on March 23, 1904, in San Antonio, Texas, to Anna Belle (Johnson) and Thomas E. LeSueur, a laundry laborer. Joan Crawford was an actress during the early ’90s, who was immensely talented. Email Address: See available information. Though no birth certificate exists for Joan Crawford (née Lucille LeSueur), … Lucille Fay LeSueur was of English, French, Swedish, and Irish ancestry. I used to wash my hands every ten minutes. Joan Crawford, who rose from waitress and chorus girl to become one of the great movie stars, died yesterday of a heart attack in her apartment at 158 East 68th Street. Before long, she was dancing in big Midwestern and East Coast cities. Joan Crawford’s elder sister Daisy LeSueur died before Lucille’s birth, and she had another brother, Hal LeSueur. [regarding the ongoing feud between Joan and her daughter. Joan Crawford and Bette Davis were members of the Tinseltown elite during the Golden Age of Hollywood. By the time she was born, her parents had separated, and by the time she was a teenager, she'd had three stepfathers. Email Address: j TEXP @hotmail.com +2 emails. Joan Crawford, original name Lucille Fay LeSueur, (born March 23, 1904?, San Antonio, Texas, U.S.—died May 10, 1977, New York, New York), American motion-picture actress who made her initial impact as a vivacious Jazz Age flapper but later matured into a star of psychological melodramas. According to Joan, "You manufacture toys. In 1928, Crawford starred in Across to Singapore, but her role in Our Dancing Daughters as Diana Medford was the most captivating one and earned her all the stardom. Not only did she make a full recovery, she also fulfilled her dream of becoming a chorus dancer. It wasn't an easy life; Crawford worked a variety of menial jobs. Let's check, How Rich is Joan Crawford in 2020-2021? https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/.../joan-crawford-vintage-photos She was the third child of Thomas E. LeSueur, a construction laborer, and Anna Bell Johnson. The slightly longer answer is: Probably in 1904, 1905, or 1906. Poor little things. Henry owned a theatre where Joan liked to watch vaudeville acts perform on the stage. Thomas LeSueur abandoned the family when Lucille was ten months old. She has a granddaughter, Chrystal, from son Christopher. ↑ Lawrence J. Quirk; William Schoell (2002). The things about Hollywood that could hurt me (when I first came) can't touch me now. . Her 1933 contract with MGM was so detailed and binding, it even had a clause in it indicating what time she was expected to be in bed each night. She was bullied and shunned at Scaritt Elementary School in Kansas City by the other students due to her poor home life (after she became a star, she answered every single piece of fan mail she received in her lifetime except those from former classmates at Scaritt). you mean 1900’s…, Anyone else notice that her marriages had a 4 year expiry date? Her mother apparently was still under 20 when her siblings were born, and she died on August 15, 1958. I think the most important thing a woman can have -- next to talent, of course, is -- her hairdresser. Actrice américaine – Joan Crawford est né à San Antonio (ville américaine de l'État du Texas) le 23/03/1904 et décédé à New York (ville de l'État de New York, États-Unis) le 10/05/1977 à l'âge de 73 ans. Her two older children claimed they couldn't be twins because they looked nothing alike. 64. According to a confidential hospital report made in 1939, "In the two years after 1937, more than 390 major surgeries were completed. 1933), Franchot Tone (m. 1935; div. Her first screen name was decided by a magazine competition, being Joan Arden. One of the original MGM contract stars from the studio's early period. Synopsis Born on March 23, 1905, in San Antonio, Texas, Joan Crawford began dancing at a young age, and went on to act in dozens of films. " Joan Crawford: The Essential Biography explores the life and career of one of Hollywood's great dames. 49 € Bon état. It pushes a woman almost to the grave. One such subject was Joan Crawford, one of the last great stars of Hollywood’s golden age, whose reputation as a dramatic and hot-headed personality is the stuff of legend. This seems to me to be a sad campaign for Hollywood to use to combat box office disaster. When was Joan Crawford born? One such subject was Joan Crawford, one of the last great stars of Hollywood’s golden age, whose reputation as a dramatic and hot-headed personality is the stuff of legend. Joan Crawford was born Lucille Fay LeSueur on March 23, 1904, in San Antonio, Texas, to Anna Belle (Johnson) and Thomas E. LeSueur, a laundry laborer. Her early life was one of happiness living with her \"Mommie Dearest\". Whenever she stayed in a hotel, no matter how good or reputable it was, she always scrubbed the bathroom herself before using it. Nobody can imitate me. Her birth year has been a source of debate; it has alternatively been given as 1904, 1905, 1906, and 1908. The attempt failed when MGM pointed out they could not definitely prove the actress in the film was Crawford. Cassin allegedly began sexually abusing her when she was eleven years old, and the sexual abuse had continued until she went to St. Agnes Academy, a Catholic girls’ school. Joan Crawford tend to be a loner, preferring to think and study, and excel at solving difficult problems. Phone Number: (314) 346-LQUL +5 phones. Joan Crawford’s elder sister Daisy LeSueur died before Lucille’s birth, and she had another brother, Hal LeSueur. Each time Crawford married, she changed the name of her Brentwood estate and installed all new toilet seats. Her first husband was Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. Content. Scroll below and check more details information about Current Net worth as well as … Joan Crawford's age 114 years (at death) & Zodiac Sign Aries, nationality American (by birth) & Race/Ethnicity is White. Joan Crawford est morte depuis près de 40 ans, mais on s’en souvient encore pour avoir été le produit vedette par excellence de l’âge d’histoire d’Hollywood. Born on March 23, 1905, in San Antonio, Texas, Joan Crawford began dancing at a young age, and went on to act in dozens of films. Never liked the name "Crawford", saying to her friend. Joan Crawford (1904-1977). Her first film for the studio was Hollywood Canteen (1944). Joan Crawford. Joan Crawford Dies at Home By PETER B. Thomas LeSueur aband… How are you?". Voir plus d'idées sur le thème joan crawford, adrienne ames, actrice. Crawford appeared in The Unknown (1927), starring Lon Chaney, Sr. Јоаn Сrаwfоrd wаѕ аn асtrеѕѕ durіng thе еаrlу ’90ѕ, whо wаѕ іmmеnѕеlу tаlеntеd. She was a good dancer, though, and -- perhaps seeing dance as her ticket to a career in show busin… Unlock Profile. Joan (né Joan Spiess en 1963) est un auteur de bande dessinée français.. Il est surtout connu pour le personnage de la Petite Lucie, qu'il crée en 1987 dans son fanzine Cartoonoïde et qu'il anime dans des pages de jeux de l'hebdomadaire belge Spirou depuis 1994 [1].En 1997-1998, il dessine également y la série humoristique Tête de veau et vinaigrette écrite par Ptiluc [2]. During the 1964 World's Fair, Joan, who at the time was member of the board of directors of Pepsi Cola, approached, She once said in an interview that she and her arch-rival and, Release of the book, "Joan Crawford: Hollywood Martyr" by David Bret. It is reported that Joan Crawford died at the age of 35 due to an accidental medication overdose. Her last public appearance was made on September 23, 1974, at a book party cohosted with her old friend Rosalind Russell at New York’s Rainbow Room. your own Pins on Pinterest Joan Crawford’s New York Times obituary stated that, “Miss Crawford was a quintessential superstar—an epitome of timeless glamour who personified for decades the dreams and disappointments of American women.”. "Joan Arden" was chosen as the young star's screen name after a write-in contest was held in the pages of "Movie Weekly" magazine, but a bit player came forward and said she was already using it. I love playing bitches. If you're going to be a star, you have to look like a star, and I never go out unless I look like Joan Crawford the movie star. Peter Cowie / Livres en langue étrangère | Nouveauté Prix littéraire Collection Format Nombre de pages. Joan Crawford, who rose from waitress and chorus girl to become one of the great movie stars, died yesterday of a heart attack in her apartment at 158 East 68th Street. She's phony, but I guess the public really likes that". She was an active member of the Hollywood Democratic Committee and was very liberal all her life. Lucille Fay LeSueur was of English, French, Swedish, and Irish ancestry. But Crawford wasn't felled by sound. Our beloved Joan Crawford died on May 8 th, 1977 of a heart attack. Sont-ils morts ? If you want to see the girl next door, go next door. Her last marriage, in 1955, was with Alfred Steele, but he died in 1959. There's little record of the rest of the Crawford brood, as it seems they stayed largely outside the spotlight. Crawford continued to choose her roles carefully, and in 1952 she was nominated for a third time, for her depiction of Myra Hudson in Sudden Fear (1952). Unfortunately, Scully’s eldest son Michael Scully also died in a Helicopter crash at the age of 33 while working for ARCO Transportation company. . However, her mother was young and unmarried. Indeed, during her nearly five-decade career, Joan Crawford starred in some of the most widely-praised films of her time. I wouldn't smoke a cigarette unless I opened the pack myself, and I would never use another cigarette out of that pack if someone else had touched it. I suddenly decided that they shouldn't hurt me--that was all. What year did Joan Crawford die? Her biggest pet peeve was being told by rising starlets that she was their mother's favorite actress. Official Sites, Frequently played women put through an extensive amount of suffering, Later in her career, her large eyebrows and "smear" lipstick. Her first talkie, Untamed (1929), was a success. movieactress. This is the truth about Bette Davis and Joan Crawford's legendary feud. (Earlier in their careers, Davis said of Crawford, "She's slept with every male star at MGM except Lassie," and Crawford said of Davis, "I don't hate [her] even though the press wants me to. By the time she was born, her parents had separated, and by the time she was a teenager, she'd had three stepfathers. According to Bloomberg’s Billionaires Index and Forbes billionaires' list, the richest people in the world we know of are the people such as Jeff... Joan Crawford Net Worth 2021: Age, Height, Weight, Husband, Kids, Bio-Wiki, Top 10 Richest People in the World 2021 – Latest Update, Top 13 Richest Women in the World 2021 – Latest Update, Douglas Fairbanks Jr. (m. 1929; div. These people would receive all necessary treatment at the Hollywood Presbyterian Hospital, where she endowed many rooms and a surgical suite. If you start watching the oldies, you're in trouble. I need sex for a clear complexion, but I'd rather do it for love. Crawford worked in the radio series as well! Crawford lived in Lawton, Oklahoma, with her family. At the time of her death, the only photographs displayed in her apartment were of. It is said that Joan Crawford had a rough relationship with her two elder children Christina and Christopher. The book states that Joan might have adopted children as part of a publicity stunt, as she was deemed unfit for raising children by her adopted daughter, Chistina. I had always known what I wanted, and that was beauty . After it was removed, doctors told her she would likely never walk again without a limp. She was born in San Antonio, Texas. Find out about movie actress Joan Crawford: Age, net worth, height, What she did before fame, her family life. In AFI's 100 Years 100 Stars, she was ranked the #10 Female Greatest Screen Legend. Turning to vodka more and more, she was hardly seen afterward. Her mother apparently was still under 20 when her siblings were born, and she died on August 15, 1958. One she missed out on was, In her final years at MGM, Crawford was handed weak scripts in the hopes that she'd break her contract. Unfortunately, Christopher died of cancer in 2006 at the age of 62. At that time, Crawford was unaware that Cassin, who she believed was her biological father, was not her actual father until her brother Hal told her the truth. Adopted four children. Her next film was Humoresque (1946), Possessed (1947), was the film for which she received the second Academy Award nomination. The twins eventually met their birth father and other biological relatives. Despite starring together in a classic film, they hated each other. During her time on the Pepsi-Cola board of directors, whenever she and the current president of Coca-Cola happened to be in the same restaurant at the same time, each of them would send the other a bottle of the other's product. Crawford married four times. Thin lips would not do for her; she wanted big lips. Joan Crawford, after several fails of adopting a child adopted her from a Nevada, baby broker. Saint Louis. [2006]. However, her other children Christina Crawford and Christopher Crawford, were excluded. The amount she drank decreased substantially for decades, but then increased during the 1960s and 1970s as her career wound down and health problems increased. In 1934, Crawford contacted the doctor who had performed her dental and facial operations in 1928, William Branch, for which there were follow-up procedures in 1932 and 1933. |  Their marriage ended in 1939. She was a leading film personality for more than fifty years, from her beginnings as a dancer in silent films of the 1920s, to her portrayals of working-class shop girls in the Depression thirties, to her Oscar-winning performances in classic films such as Mildred Pierce. During. Credited as Lucille LeSueur, her first film was Lady of the Night in 1925. In early 1953 she was in talks to star as Sylvia Merril in the. Joan M Crawford, Age 89. They won't do me a damn bit of good after I'm dead. Joan Crawford’s New York Times obituary stated that, “Miss Crawford was a quintessential superstar—an epitome of timeless glamour who personified for decades the dreams and disappointments of American women.”. She made a comeback in 1939 with her role as home-wrecker Crystal Allen in The Women. Mr.Mayer [MGM chief, [on acting] One of the scary things is the effects a really heavy or demanding role will have on your personal life. Her addiction caused serious damage to her internal organs. She has a grandson, Casey LaLonde, by her daughter Cathy. They always look so unhappy. So just to clear the doubt, the one that has all the buzz is the third child Joan Crawford adopted. I thought that. You can always see impersonations of. In 1922, she began to study at St. Stephens College in Columbia, Missouri, but withdrew as she was not ready for college. Adopted another son in the early 1940s, but during a magazine interview she disclosed the location of his birth, and his biological mother showed up at her Brentwood home wanting the baby back. Being born on March 23, 1904, Joan Crawford was 73 years old. Under the name Lucille LeSueur, Crawford began dancing and was spotted dancing in Detroit by producer Jacob J. Shubert. Martin Luther King (*1929) politician, writer, spiritual, spokesman. Crawford. De michael curtiz / DVD Zone 2 (Autre) | 29 € Très bon état. Joan Crawford est une Actrice, Producteur exécutif américaine. You didn't see [, Sensitive husbands don't like second billing. Vin Scully was so upset with the death of his wife. After being signed by MGM, someone attempted to extort money from the studio by claiming they had a pornographic film that featured a young Crawford. Vie de famille et abus. As a child, Joan was playing in the front yard of her home in Texas when she got a large piece of glass lodged in her foot. Daughter of Thomas (1868-1938), born in the state of Tennessee, and Anna Belle (née Johnson) LeSueur (1884-1958), born in the state of Texas. She was born in San Antonio, Texas. Joan E Crawford, Age 69. aka J Ford, Joan C Crawford, Joan E Herman. Their longstanding rivalry may have helped fuel their phenomenally vitriolic and well-received performances.

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