Short stem ends with a compact inflorescence in the form of a white head, yellow, purple. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Cauliflower is high in vitamins C and K and is frequently served as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads and relishes. We eat the cauliflower head. Typically, it is ready about 2-3 months after you plant the seedlings. Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, kale, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and similar green leaf vegetables. The head of the cauliflower consists of a white Meristem inflorescence. The plants grow best in moist nitrogen-rich soil and will produce only small heads if stressed with drought. Cauliflower is part of the cabbage family, but it has a nutty, sophisticated flavor that sets it apart from its broccoli and cabbage cousins. Cauliflower is part of the same plant family as broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage and kale. Broccoli is a human invention. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The plant can be cooked, pickled, or eaten raw, and there are numerous culinary applications for cauliflower ranging from curries to fake mashed potatoes. The top half of the stems, similar to broccoli, are actually quite tender and require no peeling. ANSWER: Indeed, all parts of the cauliflower are edible, including the stems and leaves. Although, people across the world are a bit Name: Cauliflower Description: *The edible part of this plant is actually a cluster of flower buds. Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. Cauliflower florets are the part of the plant that most people prefer to eat. Cauliflower and broccoli plants produce flowers we like to eat. The crisp green leaves and stalk are also edible, although they require cooking before they can be consumed. spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors. Elongated oval leaves grow from a strong I’m calling this recipe Plant-Based “Fried” Cauliflower. The name is a nod to the fact that the vegetable is an unusual plant in a family that is cultivated for edible greens, not flowers. She has her M.S.... Where is the line between fruit and vegetable really drawn? All of these plants are actually variants of the same species, and cauliflower is formally known as Brassica oleracea var. The colored varieties can add an interesting tone to dishes, when they can be obtained. https://www.britannica.com/plant/cauliflower, LiveScience - Cauliflower: Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts, Healthline - The Top 8 Health Benefits of Cauliflower, University of Illinois Extension - Cauliflower, cauliflower - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Flowers of cauliflower are edible flowers. Oh and the stem too, of course. Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea, in the family Brassicaceae. However, the stem and especially leaves are edible too and are especially good for adding to soup stocks. Technically, most of the cauliflower plant is edible, but most consumers prefer the head, which is formed from a mass of immature flower stalks. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the right climate, cauliflower can be coaxed into yielding twice a year, providing a source of nutrition when other plants may not be maturing. The plants produce cross-shaped yellow flowers and bear seeds in dry capsules known as siliques. Answer: Cauliflower is a vegetable. You can also plant it on your own, with cauliflower being part of the Brassica family, which is grown for its head, which is Many members of the Botrytis group have been grown throughout Europe for centuries. With some plants we eat more than one part. Test your knowledge with this quiz. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. A high amount of organic matter in the soil will help to maintain moisture. Dietary Saturated Fat & Cholesterol & Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: While many factors affect heart disease, diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of this disease. Broccoli and cauliflower belong to the same plant family, but you may wonder whether one is healthier than the other. Cauliflower is a delicious vegetable a lot of people love having, thanks to its versatility in how to cook it. It’s a sweet and spicy spin on cauliflower. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Corrections? However, the plant is notoriously difficult to grow, with finicky temperature requirements, and some gardeners give up on getting it to grow at all, let alone yield twice. botrytis. Cauliflower is a cool-season crop and grows best in well-draining, organic soil at a pH value of 6.5 or above. Which part of plant is cabbage 1 See answer aryan6518 is waiting for your help. Which part of a plant is a cauliflower? …an immature flower, such as cauliflower, broccoli, and artichoke; a seed, such as pea and lima bean; the immature fruit, such as eggplant, cucumber, and sweet corn (maize); or the mature fruit, such as tomato and…, broccoli, carrot, cauliflower, celery, muskmelon, pea, radish, summer squash, and sweet corn (maize); cabbage, lettuce, and spinach are suited to vacuum cooling; air cooling is preferred for bean, cucumber, eggplant,…, cabbage, cauliflower, turnips, and radishes, as well as gardening plants such as sweet alyssum, wallflower, and rock cress. Cauliflower, (Brassica oleracea, variety botrytis), highly modified form of cabbage in the mustard family (Brassicaceae), grown for its edible masses of partially developed flower structures and fleshy stalks. If you let it grow without harvesting it, you’ll eventually see its curd separate — much like a blooming flower. It requires good soil and plenty of water especially when young. At a casual glance, it does resemble curds of milk, since it is lumpy and white. Cauliflower is a cool-weather crop and requires consistent temperatures of about 16 °C (60 °F) to produce heads. Broccoli plant leaves each have a strong central petiole or stalk that keeps them suspended in the air. You may also . Cauliflower is a vegetable in the Brassica oleracea species, which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, and kohlrabi. More specifically, it’s a cluster of immature flower buds, known as a curd . If the climate is too cold, it will only produce small, partial heads. Cauliflower (as the name suggests) is actually the flower buds of the plant. The cauliflower head is composed of a The (flower) head and the leaves. Cauliflower is said to have originated in South West Asia or Turkey. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the Subscribe to our newsletter and learn something new every day. Plant your seeds. Cauliflower, as part of a low sodium diet, may reduce the risk of high blood pressure. The pale yellowish white part and the stem part is also edible. As described in Chapter 3 , the 35 S promoter is not a … Clubroot, a fungal disease, is a common problem for cauliflower crops, and the plants are fairly susceptible to a number of foliage-eating insects, including cabbage loopers, cabbage whites, and aphids. Some people prefer eating only the head, but both are perfectly edible and tasty. Harvest your cauliflower when it is white, firm and large. All of these plants are actually variants of the same species, and cauliflower is formally known as Brassica oleracea var. Not an easy vegetable for cultivation. It is descendent from a wild cabbage and after undergoing various This is composed of many small clusters of flowers. Add your answer and earn points. Make a cut towards the base of the plant and remove the leaves Usually, we eat only the head. Make the most of this winter staple in soups, casseroles, and recipes that typically use flour. Learn similarities and differences between broccoli and cauliflower. The 35 S promoter of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) can be transcribed in many different plant tissues and organs. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Omissions? Brassicaceae have flowers with four sepals and petals, and the…. Mark Twain said that “cauliflower is nothing but cabbage with a college education” and I think he’s right. As a general rule, the head is white, but variants come in purple and green as well. Britannica now has a site just for parents! The broad leaves extend far above the curd and are often tied together before harvest to shade the curd and prevent discoloration. It is an annual plant reproducing by seed. Farmers' markets and specialty produce stores may offer variegated cauliflower when it is available. botrytis. In case there’s confusion, the white part is the head (made up of a ton of tiny half Is broccoli or cauliflower man made? Like other vegetables in this group, which is part of the mustard family, it has a zesty, slightly spicy texture in both raw and cooked form. The head of cauliflower is also sometimes called the white curd, or just the curd. Cauliflower nutritional information Much like broccoli, water makes up around 90% of cauliflower plants. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Asked by Wiki User 2 answers A cauliflower is a flower. If you’re planting cauliflower seeds directly into your garden, sow seeds half an inch deep, in rows that are three to six inches apart, about a month before the last Updates? Stem Whether you’re sticking to lifestyle goals, or looking to go plant-powered, build your go-to order with Cilantro-Lime Cauliflower Rice for a real good, feel good option. 7 8 9 Answer Cauliflower How much is cauliflower buying it? It was cultivated to have a specific taste and flavor that was more palatable to people.. Most stores carry the vegetable at various points in the year. It was bred out of the wild cabbage plant, Brassica oleracea . Commercially, white cauliflower is the most common, though orange, purple, green, and brown cultivars also exist. As desired for food, the terminal cluster forms a firm, succulent “curd,” or head, that is an immature inflorescence (cluster of flowers). It is of Mediterranean origin, and tends to prefer cool, moist climates. ANSWER: Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the family Brassicaceae. Annual plant has a deep root system and long leaves. Cauliflowers are annual plants that reach about 0.5 metre (1.5 feet) tall and bear large rounded leaves that resemble collards (Brassica oleracea, variety acephala). Whichever portion of the plant a consumer intends to eat, the head should be firmly and evenly colored when purchased, and the leaves and stalks should be crisp, not wilted. The name for cauliflower comes from the Latin caulis, which means “stalk,” and floris, for “flower.” Since the term “kale” is also related to caulis, the name could also be translated as kale flower or cabbage flower. Cauliflower is a delicious and versatile vegetable. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. The amount of these components varies according to plant species, plant part used, environmental condition, and growth stage and it is very problematic when … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Cauliflower is high in vitamins C and K and is frequently served as a cooked vegetable or used raw in salads and relishes. Cauliflower is part of the cabbage family. The plant is native to Asia and the Mediterranean. Plant-Based Fried Cauliflower is an oil-free vegan dish that mimics the taste and texture of fried food, without the frying part. Cauliflower prefers a garden soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. However, the plant is also rich in vitamins C, K and B6, as well as being a rich source of potassium and fibre. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and How to Harvest Cauliflower. The outer layer of skin on the lower half of cauliflower stems are slightly tough, so they should be peeled before adding them to recipes. 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